Freedom of expression is a fundamental human right, which draws on values of personal autonomy and democracy. Freedom of expression is closely connected to freedom of thought and is a precondition for individuals’ self-expression and self-fulfilment. The right to express oneself enables an open debate about political, social and moral values, and encourages artistic and scholarly endeavour free of inhibitions.
The freedoms protected are:
- Freedom to hold opinions. The freedom implies that the state must not try to indoctrinate its citizens nor make distinctions between those holding specific opinions and others. The freedom gives citizens the right to criticise the government and form opposition.
- Freedom to impart information and ideas, which give citizens the right to distribute information and ideas through all possible lawful sources.
- Freedom to receive information, which includes the right to gather information and to try to get information through all possible lawful sources.
- Freedom of the press. It is incumbent on the press to impart information and ideas on political issues as well as other areas of public interest.
- Freedom of radio and TV broadcasting. The freedom is applicable also for radio and television broadcasting.